Kwanza, wacha tujue ni nini jibini iliyosindika? It is a dairy product obtained from the processing of regular cheese or cottage cheese. Processed cheese is made from rennet cheeses, melting cheeses, cottage cheese, butter and other dairy products, with the addition of spices and fillers. For him, the cheese mass is melted at a temperature of 75–95 ° C in the presence of additives – melting salts (citrates and phosphates of sodium and potassium).
Usalama wa bidhaa
The first important point in research is that the product must be safe. Traditionally, dairy products are tested for safety by the following indicators: microbiological, by the content of antibiotics, heavy metals, toxins, pesticides. The group of safety indicators in this study would have been at an altitude, if not for one thing: coliforms – bacteria of the Escherichia coli group (coliform bacteria) – were found in this study.
Ukosefu kwa suala la: yaliyomo ya dawa za wadudu, viuatilifu, ambavyo vinaweza kupita kwenye bidhaa ya mwisho kutoka kwa malighafi ya maziwa, hazikugunduliwa katika sampuli yoyote. Yaliyomo ya metali nzito, aflatoxin M1, nitriti na nitrati pia ni kawaida. Kumbuka kuwa vipimo vya viua vijasumu vya jibini vilivyotengenezwa viliondoa hadithi nyingine kwamba viuatilifu hupatikana katika bidhaa yoyote ya maziwa. Hawako kwenye jibini iliyosindikwa!
Jambo la pili muhimu ni kwamba kweli bidhaa hiyo inadai kuwa? Bidhaa inayoitwa "jibini iliyosindikwa", kama bidhaa nyingine yoyote ya maziwa, haina mafuta yasiyo ya maziwa. Ikiwa utungaji una mafuta ya mawese au mafuta mengine yasiyo ya maziwa, kutoka Januari 15, 2019, bidhaa kama hiyo inapaswa kuitwa "bidhaa iliyo na maziwa iliyo na mbadala ya mafuta ya maziwa, iliyozalishwa kwa kutumia teknolojia ya jibini iliyosindikwa".
In an effort to save money, some manufacturers do not hesitate to deceive the consumer. According to the results of our research, inconsistencies in fatty acid composition, as well as beta-sitosterols, detected in the fat phase of the product and indicating the presence of vegetable fats in the composition, were found in 4 cheeses: These products are counterfeit.
Phosphates ni nini?
The third point of research is phosphates. In spreadable processed cheeses, phosphates are found in greater quantities than in other products. And this is where the main consumer fear comes from that processed cheeses are very unhealthy. In the manufacture of any processed cheese, melting salts are used – sodium phosphates or citrates. For the production of spreadable processed cheese, phosphates are used, and for the production of processed cheese, sodium citrate salts are used. It is the phosphorus salts that the processed cheeses owe to their pasty consistency. If the product is made from mature cheeses, very little melting salts are required to obtain the desired effect. And if from cottage cheese – naturally, there will be more phosphates in the composition.
Katika jibini zilizotumwa kwa upimaji, mkusanyiko mkubwa wa phosphate haukuzidi kikomo cha kisheria.
Kuhusu ladha na rangi
The experts who conducted the cheese tasting did not face any serious problems. No voids or lumps were found, and the smell, color and consistency of the products meet the requirements of the Quality Standard. By the way, an unscrupulous manufacturer can use synthetic dyes to give the cheese a pleasant yellowish hue. According to the standard, only natural carotenoids are allowed to obtain yellowness. Tests have shown that there are no synthetic colors in any of the samples of the tested cheeses.